This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to analyze a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to analyze a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally, the lens should reveal one thing about the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the credibility of this arguments for the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments regarding the lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation regarding the two texts. In any event, you’ll be creating a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to spot the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it may possibly be useful to develop an overview of this author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, as opposed to working with remote quotes that will or may possibly not be indicative regarding the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you truly realize and will articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Then, quickly browse the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement involving the two texts? Which regarding the lens text’s primary arguments could be used towards the target text? It could be simpler to concentrate on 1 or 2 of the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With your some ideas in your mind, return back and see the target text very very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components within the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances within the target text? Are there any circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web page numbers, quotes, as well as your ideas and reactions while you read.

Because this style of paper relates to a synthesis that is complex of sources, its particularly crucial to own a definite course of action before you start writing. It might help to cluster quotes or events by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere change the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, some ideas, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will start drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper involves the interactions that are complex numerous texts, you should explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to obviously introduce the lens text and its own arguments that are specific should be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its own certain themes or activities you will end up addressing in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or style of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of connection you’re going to be talking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is when you use certain arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific instances when you look at the target text. In each instance, remember to talk about exactly exactly exactly what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Utilize the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the prospective text, but ensure that you be clear about where tips into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the mark text, your personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this kind of analysis, you might be “entering an academic discussion” and inserting your personal tips. Since this will be unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may prove of good use. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to assist authors take part in unknown kinds of critical scholastic discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in almost any capability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.

Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer for the lens text lays away a helpful framework for understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Certainly, into the target text, one sees ________, which may be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Therefore, we come across a place of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

Based on the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. Because of the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could expect you’ll see ________ in the mark text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a vital point of disagreement. This discord shows that ________. This matter is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

By this time in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals in regards to the texts in concerns, or perhaps the wider dilemmas the texts address. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control where you might be composing. Put another way, that which was the purpose of undertaking your analysis when you look at the beginning? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & business, 2007), 2-3.